How do I get started and develop a research question?
1. Determine which category you want to focus on: Cat 1, 2, or 3 (as detailed in the above presentation)
2. Determine what texts or topic interest you. To do an English EE, you have to have specific texts that you are analyzing. Texts can include non-literary and literary sources. See Text Types.
3. Develop a research question that includes 1) the specific texts you will analyze and 2) what central concept or global issue you are exploring.
What specific texts will I analyze? Does my question include at least one text I will analyze? Comparing and contrasting two texts work well. I think there is more to analyze with two or more texts personally.
Have I connected my question to a global issue or a central concept in Lang and Lit? See this link for the global issues and central concepts.
What are the three categories for an English EE?
Category 1 --Analysis of Works Originally Written in English
Studies of one or more literary works originally written in the language in which the essay is presented.
Compare and contrasts two works
Focus on analysis of one work
Please note that students may compare and contrast two books or just analyze one book. They also can analyze a selection of short stories or poems or even plays from one or two authors--it doesn't have to be just books. However, there should be a clear rationale for pairing the texts in order to show what is gained in the comparative study.
Category 2: Analysis of Two books: English vs. one in Works in Translation, French or Spanish
Studies of a literary work or works originally written in the language of the essay compared with one or more literary works originally written in another language. (The work originally written in another language may be studied in translation.)
English literary text compared to another literary work in Spanish or French
English translation of a work compared to its original version in Spanish or French
Please note there should be a clear rationale for pairing the texts in order to show what is gained in the comparative study.
Category 3: Analyzes non-literary texts (media)
Studies in language based on one or more texts originally in English.
Analysis of how language, culture, and context influence the ways meaning is constructed
Compare and contrast different relationships and interactions between texts, audiences, and purposes
Language “texts” can be oral, written, and visual materials present in society
single and multiple images with or without text
literary written texts and text extracts
advertising campaigns, films, radio, and television programmes, and their scripts
media texts, video-sharing websites, web pages, SMS messages, blogs, wikis, and tweets
readings, speeches, broadcasts and transcripts of recorded conversation
Please note that for category 3 essays that secondary sources outside of primary sources should provide a framework for a critical analysis of how language,culture and context shape meaning.
What do I do if I need more research?
How do I develop an annotated bibliography?
1. Locate and record citations for all sources that are relevant and useful for your topic and texts.
2. Examine and review sources, sifting through any that are not useful, and only include the ones that connect back to your research question. Choose the ones that will provide you a variety of perspectives on your topic.
3. Develop citations for relevant sources using the appropriate style guide: MLA 8 (if you want to use in-text citations) or Chicago (if you want to use footnotes).
4. For each citation, include a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph, an annotation, explaining to the reader the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the source cited. You may summarize the central theme of the book or article and evaluate the background on the author as well as how this work connects back to your research question.
Purdue Writing Lab (Guide for annotated bibliographies, MLA, APA, Chicago)
Easybib.com (Guide for annotated bibliographies, APA and MLA)
IRSC Libraries (MLA annotated bibliography example)
Cornell University (Guide for annotated bibliographies, APA)
Chicago Style Guide (footnotes): Easybib.com
MLA Style Guide (in-text citations): Purdue
How do I develop an outline?
Use this template for ideas on how to structure an outline for your EE paper.
If you are writing a compare and contrast essay, consider this template.
Other links and suggestions
What do I need to consider when I am drafting my EE?
Be sure you are including either in-text citations (MLA) or footnotes (Chicago) throughout the drafting phase.
Be sure you are including relevant examples that support the assertions you are making in each paragraph.
Start creating sub topics and a table of contents as you write based on your outline to organize your paper.
Include your Works Cited page at the end of the essay for easy reference when citing your sources through in-text citations (MLA) OR footnotes (Chicago)
How do I effectively integrate my sources into my commentary?
MLA (in-text citations) Use for English.
Chicago (footnotes) Use for history or the arts.
APA (in-text citations) Use for science and math.
What does the rubric look like?
Group 5: Math
Criterion A:Focus and Method 6 pts
How well is the research question sharply focused?
Does the introduction clearly state WHY the student has chosen the topic and the significance?
How clear is the methodology and approach to analysis of relevant sources applied in relation to the research question?
Does the introduction clearly state why the student has chosen the particular research question and what it has to offer to existing knowledge on the topic?
Has the student included a critical perspective on a secondary source to support the student's own argument?
Criterion B: Knowledge and Understanding 6 pts
How clearly relevant and appropriate are the selection of source materials?
How clear and coherent is the understanding of the topic?
Has the student used subject-specific terminology (related to language and literature) and applied it appropriately to their chosen topic?
How clear is the historical context of the work for Cat 1 and 2?
For Cat 3, has the introduction focused on how the existing knowledge of that subject is enhanced through this exploration, considering specific cultural contexts?
Criterion C: Critical Thinking 12 pts
How well does the student show an ORIGINAL ARGUMENT rather than just adopting the views of critics or just merely including plot summary?
How well does the student show a PERSONAL INTERPRETATION?
Does the writer give a REASONED ARGUMENT and CRITICALLY EVALUATE the sources?
Are there CLEAR CONCLUSIONS as part of the evaluation of the topic?
Criterion D: Presentation 4 pts
To what extent has the student used proper formatting of the paper, citations, bibliography, conventions, and organization?
Has the student met the range of 3,500-4,000 words? Please note examiners will NOT read beyond 4,000 words.
If charts are included (more for Cat 3), are they directly relevant to the research question and properly cited?
Please note that failure to acknowledge and reference your sources can result into a case of possible academic misconduct. Proper internal citations (in-text or footnotes) and a bibliography (MLA or Chicago) are essential. All ideas that have been paraphrased, quoted, or summarized need to be cited appropriately.
Criterion E: Engagement 6 pts (Based on student reflection, RPPF in Managebac)
To what extent has the student showed engagement on decision making and planning that are evaluative and reference the student’s ability to consider actions and ideas in response to challenges?
To what extent did the student show authenticity, intellectual initiative, and a creative approach in the student voice?
Questions to consider for students:
What were your challenges through the decision-making and planning process throughout the completion of the essay?
What approaches and strategies did you adopt through the research and writing process?
What Approaches to Learning skills have you acquired and how have they helped you develop as a learner?
How have your conceptual understandings developed or changed as a result of the research?
How did you overcome challenges through the research phase?
What other questions emerged through the result of your research?
What would you have done differently if you were to undertake this research again?
Note: To be effective in reflecting, students need to highlight the steps and journey through the process of writing the extended essay. Students need to show evidence of critical and reflective thinking with insight and originality in their narrative voice.
Score is out of 34 points total, (28 points without Criterion E).
A quality: Work of an excellent standard, 27-34 pts (22-28 without Criterion E)
B quality: Work of a good standard, 22-26 pts (18-21 without Criterion E)
C quality: Work of a satisfactory standard, 15-21 pts (12-17 without Criterion E)
D quality: Work of a mediocre standard, 8-14 (7-11 without Criterion E)
F quality: Work of an elementary standard, 0-7 (0-6 without Criterion E)